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Brief Reports on China-FAO South-South Cooperation(No. 239 in total)

DATE: 2017-04-09 SOURCE: FECC VIEWS:

Contents

Relevant Experiments for Enhancing the Influence of the Project in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

 

1.     The expert group received teachers and students from the University of Lubumbashi for a study tour.

2.     The expert group went to INERA Kipopo to provide technical guidance on aquaculture.

3.     Production progress in the demonstration park

4.     Selection of poems


 

1. The expert group received teachers and students from the University of Lubumbashi for a study tour

On December 18, a group of 25 teachers and students from the University of Lubumbashi of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), led by Professor Lucien Kimuni NYEMBO  from the School of Agriculture, came to the project site in the Huayou-DRC Demonstration Park for a study tour and were warmly received by the expert group. Mr. Wei Xiangxin, head of the group, shared the background and implementation of the China-DRC South-South Cooperation project with the teachers and students and accompanied them in a visit to production areas.

Mr. Wei Xiangxin was introducing the South-South Cooperation project to the teachers and students.

Technician Huang Peng was explaining vegetable planting technologies.

In the vegetable area, technician Huang Peng thoroughly introduced new varieties, technologies and models to teachers and students. In the corn area, expert Zhou Weigang gave them a detailed introduction to mechanized sowing, closed weeding and other technologies. During the visit, Chinese technologies engaged the interest of the teachers and students who raised many questions and interacted actively with the expert group. 

At the end of the tour, the teachers and students said that their horizon was expanded and that their understanding of Chinese agriculture was deepened. According to a senior student named Bukasa Naomie KAYEMB, “This study tour is impressive. I learned a lot and I am looking forward to future study here.”

2. The expert group went to INERA Kipopo to provide technical guidance on aquaculture

On December 21, arranged by FAO office in Lubumbashi and accompanied by FAO official Ms. PATIENCEKALINGA and DRC partner Mr. TSHILAYI, expert Zou Deliang and technician Shi Menglong went to the INERA-Kipopo work station (project site) to provide technical guidance on aquaculture. Zou and Shi carefully went through production records in recent years, inspected the ponds for adult fish and parent fish rearing, and learned the cleaning and maintenance of seed rearing ponds and loop ponds.

To tackle existing problems, Zou Deliang suggested the following: First, production records should be improved. Detailed records should be made on daily feeding amount, temperature changes, water temperature changes, and quarterly precipitation. Second, parent fish rearing should be prioritized. By changing water flow and water level, parent fish can be stimulated and feed should be increased to speed up their growth. Third, feed management should be enhanced. Feed and raw materials should be properly stored and managed to prevent mildew. These suggestions were acknowledged by leaders of the work station. Ms. PATIENCEKALINGA said that more Chinese experts should be invited to provide guidance.

 

Expert Zou Deliang and Technician Shi Menglong was providing onsite guidance.

3. Production progress in the demonstration park

3.1 Dry rice group

3.1.1 Experiment on mechanized sowing of corn Seeds

    On December 16, a corn production experiment on mechanized sowing and weeding was launched to collect data and accumulate experience for future demonstration and promotion. Previous manual sowing of corn seeds was labor intensive and inefficient. Mechanized sowing in this season will cover more than 600 mu of land, with which ridging, fertilizing and sowing can be done all at once. It is expected to reduce labor by two thirds, save half the time of manual seeding, and increase emergence rate by 5%. Soil covering, emergence uniformity and planting space will all be improved. Besides, the herbicide of acetochlor will be sprayed prior to seedling emergence so as to better control weeds. At present, corn grows pretty well. The expert group will strengthen field management and carry on with such experiments.

                     Mechanized sowing

                     Corn Emergence

  3.1.2 Experiment on the sowing time of dry rice seedlings

    Three varieties of rice were sowed on the 2nd, 8th and 16th of December to explore the appropriate time for sowing different varieties of rice, the agronomic characteristics and rice yields. Currently, the first-phase rice seedlings are stocky with wide stem bases, large numbers of short white roots and tillers. After comparing with second-phase and third-phase experiment results, the expert group has singled out rice varieties that best suit local weather conditions and the most appropriate sowing  time.

Expert Rao Daheng was providing guidance on sowing dry rice seedlings.

3.1.3 Chemical control experiment on rice seedling raising

    On December 9, an experiment was carried out to raise two varieties of rice seedlings through MET-soaking (100-150ppm), with water-soaked ones as control groups, to test the effects of chemical control on seedling characteristics.  

3.1.4 Contrast experiments on rice seedling raising

To explore the planting performance (yields, growth period, adaptability and resistance) of Chinese rice varieties in DRC, the expert group selected over 20 varieties of rice to experiment with seedling raising on dry bed.

3.1.5 Experiment on dry rice seedling raising in plastic bowls

    At the moment, thirty 353-holed plastic rice seedling bowls have been adopted for dry rice seedling raising experiment to prepare for subsequent seedling throwing, manual transplanting and mechanized direct sowing of rice of the same variety.

 3.1.6 Experiment and Demonstration of dry rice sowing

    Two Chinese dry rice varieties (one hybrid and the other conventional) were selected for experiment and demonstration in a 3-mu area. During the experiment, main focus was given to the hybrid variety which was sowed on the 6th and 11th of December in 3 ways (drill sowing, broadcast sowing, and hoe sowing). Three kinds of row space (20cm, 30cm, and 40cm) were adopted for drill sowing and 3 levels of sowing amount for broadcast sowing. Besides, demonstration was primarily carried out for conventional varieties. Broadcast sowing and hoe sowing were used with drill sowing technology to find out dry land rice cultivation technologies that suit local production conditions and can be easily applied and promoted.

         Technician Li Yuhao was explaining dry rice planting technology to partners.

3.2 Animal husbandry group

3.2.1 Live pig production got on the track of sound development

    In accordance with the features of pig groups at different physiological stages, a targeted management system was set up and notices were posted on the wall. Corresponding feeds were given to pigs for relevant production purposes (piglet, breeding boar, fattening pig and sow) and at different growth stages. Complete records on breeding pigs’ estrus, mating and production were kept for the sake of future mating. The current farrowing rate of a sow averages 9 piglets each time with the survival rate well above 96%. An average of 8 fattening piglets can be provided by each brood. That’s an increase of 3 piglets from the previous number, and morbidity and mortality cases were rare. Monthly sales of pigs stood at 45, up by 30%.   

              Technician Huang Jimin was giving guidance on castrating boar piglets.

3.2.2 Scale of poultry production has been expanded and benefits improved

As laying hens were well tended by the expert group, egg laying rate in late laying period could remain as high as 80%, 10% higher than that of domestic hens in the same period. The newly bought 3,200 hen chicks and 500 chicken chicks are at the brooding stage. More than 100 of the 220 ducks bred at the early stage have been sold out and female ducks are now in their laying period. Economic benefits have been significantly increased. Recently, another 300 ducklings were successfully hatched, representing a major step forward toward the demonstration park’s goal of selling 1,000 ducks annually.

3.2.3 Herbivore production has been pushed forward steadily

    The sheep and cattle are fattened by additional concentrated feeds, vegetables and green fodder. 22 lambs have been added since December. The total number of rabbits has increased to 380, all of which are in good growth conditions. The European chicory grown by the expert group has provided sufficient and quality feed for the growth of rabbits.

        Expert Jin Xiangyun was introducing the production of forage grass.

3.3 Vegetable group

3.3.1 Market opportunities were seized to promote production

To bring vegetables to the market at a more reasonable time, the group pooled their wisdom and made new changes to cropping arrangement and variety deployment, creating numerous highlights in vegetable production and prompting constant improvement. As a result, quarter-on-quarter production went up by over 20% for four consecutive months, and quarter-on-quarter benefits increased by more than 30%. 3.3.2 Technology demonstrations in pictures were held

    The vegetable group held picture shows to directly demonstrate production technologies and promote work achievements.

5,500 kg of greenhouse watermelons are expected, close to that of the previous batch.              

 

                          Open-field Chinese cabbages

         Open-field tomatoes                                          Korean radish in greenhouses

 

Peak-period scallion field

Vegetables for sale waiting to be loaded

4. Selection of poems

Morning Exercise

Feng Yuhui

     Morning exercise starts before the sun rises,

     One jogging around the farm for several kilometers,

     As body matters the most when in Africa,

     One needs exercise to be victorious;

     The achievements made in aiding Africa,

     Would make perfect sense when you look back,

     Returning home triumphantly in two years,

     You’ll see South-South Cooperation written into history.

 

New models of aiding Africa

     Xiade Farm belongs to Huayou,

     Devoted to both planting and breeding;

     South-South cooperation as a good platform,

     Allows experts to display their skills;

     Farmers are provided with new agricultural technologies,

     Worries about yield increase clear off;

     With aid efforts in Africa

     Granary will be filled for every household.

 

SHAD’s Self-made Chili Sauce

Rao Daheng

Red peppers in the field sell terribly in the Congo market;

Good ideas from brother Wei and Yuhao inspired our self-made sauce;

Manager Zhang’s help improved the recipe, creating strong fragrance of liquor, garlic and spiced salt;

Stimulating one’s appetite and bringing aid workers in Congo pleasure.

 

 

 

 

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