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中国“走出去”企业在当地建立和谐关系的八点建议
日期: 2014-07-17           发布单位:农业部对外经济合作中心

bg大游娱乐  ZHONGGUO“ZOUCHUQU”QIYERUHEJIANLIHEXIEGUANXI?GENJUZHONGGUOZHUDANMAISHIGUANJINGSHANGCANCHUDEDIAOYAN,XUYAOGUANZHUYIXIABAGEFANGMIAN,YEZHIDEZAIFADAGUOJIATOUZIDEZHONGGUOQIYEGUANZHU:

  一、处理好与政府和议会的关系

bg大游娱乐  DANMAIZHONGYANGHEDIFANGZHENGFUANSUOGUANQUYUDUIJINGJIXINGSHIBUTONGDEGUANLIQUAN。DANMAIZHUGUANJINGJIDEZHUYAOZHENGFUBUMENSHIDANMAIJINGJIHESHANGYESHIWUBU,QIZHUYAOZHIZESHITONGGUOHONGGUANJINGJIFENXIHEYUCETICHUZHENGCEJIANYI,CUJINDANMAIQIYEFAZHAN,TONGSHIFUZESHANGYEGUIZEZHIDING、ZHISHICHANQUAN、JINGZHENGZHENGCE,JINRONG、JIANZHUHEHANGYUNDENGZHUYAOXINGYEDEZONGTISHANGYEFAZHANZHENGCE。DANMAIZHUGUANDUIWAIMAOYIHETOUZIDEZHUYAOZHENGFUBUMENSHIDANMAIWAIJIAOBUXIASHUDEMAOYIWEIYUANHUI,QIZHUYAOZHIZESHI: ZAIMAOYITOUZIFANGMIANWEIDANMAIQIYEHEGONGZHONGTIGONGZIXUN,YOUQISHIDUIZHONGXIAOQIYE;BANGZHUDANMAIQIYEXIYINGUOWAITOUZI,TIGONGZHENGZHI、JINGJIHESHANGWUFANGMIANDEQUANFANGWEIZIXUN;MAOWEIHUIZAIQUANQIU60DUOGEGUOJIAPAIZHUYUE250WEISHANGWUGUWEN。DANMAIDIFANGZHENGFUFUZESUOXIAQUYUNEIDEJINGJICUJINHEFAZHAN。GEJIYIHUIDUIZHONGDAJINGJI、WENHUA、JIAOYUDENGSHIWUJINXINGSHENYIBIAOJUE。ZHONGGUOQIYEZHUYAOSHIYUDANGDIZHENGFUBUMENFASHENGJIAOWANG,RUSHEZHONGDAJINGJISHIWU,YOUZHENGFUBUMENXIANGYIHUITICHUTINGZHENG、SHENYIDENGYAOQIU。

bg大游娱乐  ZHONGGUOQIYEYUZHENGFUBUMENDEJIAOWANGHAIYINGZHUYIYIXIAJIDIAN:

bg大游娱乐  (1)ZHONGGUOQIYEYAOGUANXINZHENGFUDEHUANJIEHEYIHUIXUANJU,LEJIEDANGDIZHENGFUDEZHENGZHI、JINGJIZUIXINZHENGCEZOUXIANG。GUANZHUZHENGFUHEYIHUISUOGUANXINDESHEHUIJIAODIANHEREDIANWENTI,RUYOUSHEJIZHONGGUOQIYELIYI,KEJIJICANYUHEZHUZHANGZHONGGUOQIYEQUANYI。

bg大游娱乐  (2)ZHONGGUOQIYEZAIBIYAOSHI,YINGYUDANGDIZHENGFUGUANYUANHEYIYUANYOUQISHIZHUGUANJINGJI、CHANYEHEJIUYESHIWUDERENYUANJINXINGGOUTONG,TONGBAOQIYEFAZHANDONGTAIHEDUIDANGDIJINGJISHEHUISUOZUODEGONGXIAN,FANYINGQIYEFAZHANZHONGYUDAODEWENTIHEKUNNAN。

bg大游娱乐  (3)DUIQIYEKENENGZAIDANMAICHANSHENGZHONGDAYINGXIANGDESHIWU,YINGJIJITINGQUDANGDIZHENGFUGUANYUAN、YIYUANDEYIJIANHEJIANYI,BIMIANYINQIDANGDIZHENGFUHEMINZHONGDEBUMAN。

  二、妥善处理与工会的关系

bg大游娱乐  DANMAIWEIGUYUANGONGZUOTIGONGLIFABAOZHANG,GELEIXINGYEGONGHUIZUZHIZHONGDUO,ZHONGGUOQIYEYINGZHUYIYIXIAJIDIAN:

  1)熟悉丹麦劳资协议规定

bg大游娱乐  YUOUZHOUQITAGUOJIALAOGONGSHICHANGTONGGUOLIFAYANGEGUANLIBUTONG,DANMAIJINBAINIANLAILAOGONGSHICHANGDOUYOUGONGHUIZUZHIHEGUZHUXIEHUISHANGDINGDELAOZIJITIXIEYI(Collective Agreement)LAIGUIFAN,SUOYIZHONGGUOQIYEZAIDANMAIKAIZHANTOUZIHEZUOBIXUXIANSHUXIDANMAILAOGONGSHICHANGLAOZIXIEYIDEZUOFA。

  (2)加入行业雇主协会

bg大游娱乐  ZHONGGUOQIYEZAIDANMAICHULIHAOYUGONGHUIDEGUANXI,SHIJISHANGJIUSHICHULIHAOYUQIYEGUYUANDEGUANXI,YINWEIDANMAIQIYEYUANGONGDELIYISUQIUJUNTONGGUOGONGHUIZUZHIDEQUDAOYUGUZHUGOUTONGXIESHANG。DANMAI79%DEGUYUANJIARUGONGHUI。GONGHUIZUZHIDULIYUZHENGFUHEDANGPAI,DADUOSHUGONGHUIZHIZHENDUITEDINGCHANYE。ZUIDADEGONGHUIZUZHISHIDANMAIGONGHUILIANHEHUI(LO)。GUZHUFANGMIANYEJIANYOUZIJIDEXIEHUI,RUDA(DANMAIGUZHULIANHEHUI)。ZHONGGUOQIYEYINGJIARUYOUGUANXINGYEDEGUZHUXIEHUI,LEJIEXIANGGUANLAODONGSHICHANGZHENGCE。

  (3)确保酬劳公平的原则

  YOUYUDANMAIBUCUNZAIZUIDIGONGZIDEFALV,RUMEIYOUSHISHILAOZIXIEYI,GUZHUKEYIBUBIWEIGUYUANZHIFUZUIDIGONGZI。DANSHIGUZHUZAILAODONGBAOCHOUSHANGYINGSHIXINGNANNVPINGDENG、TONGGONGTONGCHOU,FOUZEYIZAOGONGHUIZUZHIDEQISU。DUIYUGUYONGWAIGUOLAOGONG,JIUYEZHONGXINHUIJIANCHATAMENDEXINZISHUIPINGSHIFOUGUODIERYINGXIANGDANMAILAODONGLISHICHANG,RUDUIBENDIGONGRENJIUYEZAOCHENGJINGZHENG。DANLIWAIDEQINGKUANGYECUNZAI,RUYIXIEDAXINGXIANGMUXUYAOXUDUOJIANZHUGONGRENHUOCHENGXUYUANSHI,YUNXUCHUXIANDIYUTONGCHANGSHUIPINGDEXINZI。DANMUQIANZHEIXIEZHENGCEZHIZAIZHENDUILAIZIDONGOURUBOLANDENGGUODEGUYONGRENQUN。

  (4)提供良好的工作环境

  SUOYOUDANMAIQIYEYUANGONGJUNXIANGYOUANQUANGONGZUOHUANJINGDEQUANLI,GUZHUYINGANZHAOZHENGFUGUIDINGTIGONGFUHEBIAOZHUNDEGONGZUOHUANJING,FOUZEYIZAOGONGHUIZUZHIDETOUSU。DANMAIDUIYUANGONGDEGONGZUOHUANJINGYUYILIFABAOHU,ZAIGONGZUOHUANJINGDEANQUANFANGMIANDUIGUZHUTICHUHENGAODEYAOQIU。DANMAIGONGZUOHUANJINGSHUFUZERICHANGQIYEGONGZUOHUANJINGDEJIANDUGUANLI,BINGDUIQIYEJINXINGDINGQIJIANCHA。

  三、密切与当地居民的关系

  DANGDIJUMINDUIZHONGGUOQIYEDADUOCHIYOUHAOTAIDU,ZHONGGUOQIYEYESHIWEIDANGDICHUANGZAOSHUISHOUHEJIUYEDEYIGEQUDAO。YUDANGDIJUMINJIANLIHEXIEGUANXI,YINGZHUZHONGRUXIAWENTI:

  (1)深入了解当地文化、学习当地语言

bg大游娱乐  JINGUANDABUFENDANMAIRENDOUNENGSHULIANSHIYONGYINGYU,DANDANMAIRENDUIZIJIDEYUYANFEICHANGZHONGSHI,HENDUOHUODONGRENGSHIYONGDANMAIYU。YINCI,ZHONGGUOQIYE/ZHONGFANGYUANGONGZAIDANMAIZHANGQIGONGZUO,XUEXIDANMAIYUFEICHANGBIYAO,ZHEIYOULIYUSHENRULEJIEDANGDIWENHUA、JINJIHEFENGSUXIGUAN。

  (2)实行人才本土化

  ZHONGGUOQIYEKEPINYONGDANGDIRENYUANCANYUQIYEJINGYING,JIZENGJIADANGDIJIUYE,CUJINQIYEZHANGYUANFAZHAN,YOUNENGJIEZHUDANGDIYUANGONGDANMAIYUDEYOUSHIFAZHANYEWU,BINGJIECICHUANDIZHONGGUOWENHUA。

  (3)参与社区活动

  DANMAIDESHEQUZUOYONGHENDA,YUANGONGDEZHAOPIN、JIAZHAO、XIANGGUANBAOXIANHEJIARUXIEHUIDENGDOUYUSHEQUMIBUKEFEN。ZHONGGUOQIYEYINGGUANZHUDANGDIMINZHONGGUANXINDEREDIANWENTI,CANYUSHEQUDEGONGGONGSHIYEHUODONG,LAJINYUDANGDIJUMINDEJULI。KEYIKAOLVZAIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJIERIXIANGDANGDIJUMINKAIFANGQIYE,YAOQINGJUMINDAOQIYECANGUAN,XIANGDANGDIRENZHANSHIZHONGGUOQIYESHESHIHEGONGZUOHUANJING,SHIDANGDIJUMINGENGHAODILEJIEQIYEFAZHANHEZHONGGUOWENHUA。

  四、尊重当地风俗习惯

  ZHONGGUOSHILIYIZHIBANG。ZHONGGUORENZAIDANMAIGONGZUOHESHENGHUOYAOZUNZHONGDANGDIFENGSUXIGUAN,ZHUBURONGRUDANGDISHEHUI。

  ZHENGTISHANGLAISHUO,DANMAIBUSHIYIGEZHONGSHIZONGJIAOHEWEIJINGSHENZHISHANGDEMINZU,TAMENSHENGXINGJIANGQIUSHIJI,SIWEIKEXUEYANJIN,DANSHINAZONGJIAOKAIWANXIAOYEWANWANBUKE。

  DANMAIRENZAISHEJIAOCHANGHEJUZHIYOUYA、TAIDUCHENZHE,BUGAOSHENGJIANGHUA,YEBUCONGMANGHUANGZHANG。BUXIHUANYUZHONGBUTONG、BIAOXINLIYI,BUNENGRONGRENBIANHUAHUOCUOWU,LIRU,QICHEGUAIWANMEIYOUSHIYI、MEIYOUJICHAOCHERENLIUYOUYUDI、KAICHEWEIKAIQIANDENGDENGDENG,TAMENDOUHUIZHANCHULAIPIPINGJIUZHENG。JIHUITANLUNZISHAWENTI;JIHUIZAIMENKOUZHANGSHIJIANLIAOTIANSHUOHUA;JIHUIYONGYIGENHUOCHAIDIANSANZHIXIANGYANDENG。

  五、依法保护生态环境

  DANMAIJINGJIDALITICHANGHESHISHIHUANBAOZHENGCE,SHISHIJIESHANGDITANJINGJIFAZHANZUIWEIHUOYUEDEGUOJIA。QICHANYEYEZHUYAOYOUbgDAYOUYULEYEDENGGOUCHENG,ZAIXINNENGYUAN、FENGLIFADIANDENGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANLINGYUJUSHIJIELINGXIANSHUIPING。DANMAIZHONGSHIHUANJINGBAOHU,YANGEJINZHIQIYEJINGYINGFAZHANYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGFAZHANXIANGCHONGTU,YAOQIUJIENENGJIANGHAO,YANGEKONGZHIYOUDUYOUHAIWURANWUPAIFANG。

bg大游娱乐  ZHONGGUOQIYEYAOSHENRULEJIEDANMAIDEXIANGGUANHUANBAOFALVFAGUI。ZAISHELIQIYEQIAN,JINXINGKEXUEPINGGU,GAODUZHONGSHIQIYESHENGCHANJINGYINGKENENGCHANSHENGDEFEISHUI、FEIQIDENGHUANJINGWENTI,GUIHUASHEJIHAOJIEJUEFANGAN。ZAIJINGYINGGUOCHENGZHONG,JISHIGENZONGXIANGGUANFALVFAGUI,BUDUANDIAOZHENGGENGXINHUANBAOJIEJUEFANGAN。ZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONG,YAOYANGEZUNSHOUDANMAILAJIFENLEIDEGUIDING,ZHUDONGYAOQIUJIANGQIFENLEI,ANFENLEIYAOQIUCHULISHENGHUOLAJI,YIFABAOHUHUANJING,ZHEIXIEDOUYOULIYUTIGAOZHONGGUOQIYEZAIDANMAIDEGONGZHONGXINGXIANG。

  六、承担必要的社会责任

bg大游娱乐  ZHONGGUOQIYEZAIDANMAICONGSHIJINGJIHUODONGDETONGSHI,YEYAOLVXINGBIYAODESHEHUIZEREN。ZHUYAOYINGGUANZHURUXIAWENTI:

  (1)加强安全生产,避免事故发生

  MUQIAN,ZHONGGUOQIYEZAIDANMAIDECHENGBAOGONGCHENGXIANGMUBUDUO,YEBUSHEJIJIANZHU、KUANGSHANDENGGAOWEIXINGYE,DANYEBIXUSHIKEBAOCHIANQUANSHENGCHANYISHI,QIANGHUAJICHUGUANLI。

  (2)远离腐败和商业贿赂

bg大游娱乐  DANMAISHISHIJIESHANGZUILIANZHENGDEGUOJIAZHIYI,FUBAIHESHANGYEHUILUBUJINHUISHOUDAOFALVZHICAI,YEJIANGYANZHONGYINGXIANGQIYEDEXINYUHEGONGZHONGXINGXIANG。

  (3)重视承担资源、环境、劳工等社会责任认真解决涉及薪酬待遇、工作环境、加班时限等问题,严格遵守丹麦相关规定,及时妥善处理纠纷事件。重视跟踪生产经营造成的环境问题,避免引起当地民众不满。

  七、懂得与媒体打交道

  MEITISHIYULUNCHUANBODEZAITI,YOUZHEJUDADESHEHUIYINGXIANGLI。QIYEXINGXIANGHEPINPAIDEXUANCHUANYOULAIYUMEITIDEQIANGLIZHICHI。ZHONGGUOQIYEZAIDANMAIYINGDONGDERUHEYUMEITIDAJIAODAO。GEZHONGJINGJIHESHEHUIWENTIJINGYOUMEITIFANGDA,XINGCHENGYULUNDEYINGXIANGLILIANG,YOUSHIHUIYOUZHUYUWENTIDEKUAISUJIEJUE。DANLIYONGMEITIYEYOUKENENGDAOZHIYULUNDEFUMIANZUOYONG,ZAIMINGANWENTISHANGYINGSHENYONG。

  (1)中国企业应从内部重视企业与媒体的关系。应指定专人或建立相关部门负责与媒体打交道,要有一定的传媒经验,重点推广企业品牌,维护企业的形象和声誉。

  (2)中国企业应加强与丹麦媒体的合作。bg大游娱乐欢迎媒体到企业参观采访,了解企业的发展情况,对中国企业进行宣传。

  (3)中国企业在遇到敏感问题,特别是遭遇不公正的舆论压力时,应注意宣传引导,做好应对解释工作。必要时可通过聘请公关咨询公司,引导丹麦媒体对企业做有利宣传。

  (4)为提高中国企业的公众形象,中国企业不应拒绝、回避媒体,要尊重、信任媒体,以真诚、友好的态度与媒体建立良好的互动关系。

  八、学会与执法人员打交道

  (1)中国企业要建立依法经商的管理制度,做好普法教育,让员工了解在丹麦工作生活必备的法律常识和应对措施,做到知法守法,合理应对。

  (2)中国人出门要随身携带身份证、驾驶证等相关证件。营业执照、纳税清单等重要文件要妥善保管。

  (3)积极配合执法人员检查证件,要礼貌出示证件,回答相关问题。没有携带证件不要惧怕,不要躲避,更不要逃跑,要说明身份,写出联系电话,让公司派人联络。

  (4)遇到执法人员搜查公司或住所,应要求其出示证件和搜查证明,并要求与中国企业律师取得联系,同时报告中国驻丹麦大使馆。遇到证件或财物被执法人员没收的情况,应要求执法人员保护中资企业的商业秘密,出具没收证件或财物的清单作为证据,并记下执法人员的警号和车号。交罚款时需向执法人员索要罚款单据。

  (5)遇到执法人员对中国企业或人员不公正待遇时,不要与执法人员发生正面冲突,更不能触犯法律;而是要理性应对,做到有理、有利、有节,可通过律师进行处理,捍卫自身合法权益。

bg大游娱乐  ZHUANZIGONGZHONGHAO: ZOUCHUQUbgDAYOUYULEGANG











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